Cells (Grade 8)

Cells (Grade 8)

Lesson 1: Cell Theory

4.2 Postulates of the Cell Theory (Read and answer questions 1 -3: Due Wednesday, September 13)

Lesson 2: Plant and Animal Cells

  1. 4.5 Plant and Animal Cells (Read and answer question 4 at the end of the text)
  2. Organelle chart example (From question 4 above)
  3. Plant vs. Animal Cell Labelling Sheet 1 (Make a copy and save it to your Cells folder)

Lesson 3: The Compound Microscope

  1. 4.3 – The Compound Microscope (Read and answer questions 2-5 at the end of the text)

2. Microscope Labelling Diagram (Make a copy and fill in the blanks)

3. Microscope Labelling Diagram Solutions

Lesson 4: Advances in Microscopy

  1. 4.8 – Advances in Microscopy (Read and answer questions 2 – 6)
  2. Add Mitochondria, Ribosomes, Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and Lysosomes to your cell organelle and function study sheet (lesson 2).
  3. Animal vs. Plant Cell Labelling Sheet # 2
  4. Solutions to Labelling Sheet # 2
  5. Organelle Functions (Full set)

Lesson 5: Comparing Plant & Animal Cells Lab 

  1. Lab Rubric (Go over and read before reading instructions)
  2. Cells Lab Instructions Page 1
  3. Cells Lab Instructions Page 2
  4. Lab sheet for students (make a copy for yourself)
  5. Microscope Cell Drawing Template

Lesson 6: Selectively Permeable Membranes

5.1 – The Cell Membrane (Answer questions #1-3 and add to your Cells folder)

Lesson 7: Diffusion and Osmosis

5.2 – Diffusion (Answer questions #2, 4, 5 and add to your Cells folder)

5.3 – Osmosis and Turgor Pressure (Answer questions #2, 3, 4 and add it to your Cells folder)

Here is a presentation on Osmosis and Turgor Pressure that may help your understanding of concepts.

I realized that the screen went black on the last slide of the screencast. Here is the slide on Turgor Pressure to go along with the audio.

Lesson 8: Cell Wars – Defending against invaders

Cell Wars Student Note link (Make a copy, add it to your Cells folder and answer questions #1-3)

Lesson 9: Cell Systems

The Levels of Organization

Lesson 10: Unicellular Organisms

Unicellular Organisms Defined:

Unicellular organisms are composed of a single cell, unlike multicellular organisms which are made of many cells. This means they each live and carry out all of their life processes as one single cell. Most unicellular organisms are microscopic;

  • Also called microorganisms or microbes since they are only visible under a microscope.
  • The single cell is responsible for feeding, digestion, excretion and reproduction.
  • Some microorganisms make us sick, but without the others we could not survive.
  • The following are examples of unicellular organisms:
    • Bacteria
    • Protists
    • Some Fungi

Multicellular Organisms Defined: 

A tissue, organ or organism that is made up of many cells is said to be multicellular. Animals, plants, and fungi are multicellular organisms and often, there is specialization of different cells for various functions. In contrast, unicellular, or single-celled organisms are much smaller in size and less complex as they are composed of just one cell that senses its environment, gathers nutrients and reproduces asexually. The following are examples of multicellular organisms: human beings, organs and tissues,  plants, animals, birds and insects. 

~Generally speaking, we can say that unicellular and multicellular organisms are alike in that they exhibit all the functions of life, such as metabolism and reproduction, they contain DNA and RNA, they can exhibit a wide range of lifestyles, and they are essential to almost every ecosystem that we currently know of.



Amoeba, Euglena, and Paramecium on the move

The paramecium are the larger protists, the amoeba are the blob-like protists, and the euglena are the smaller unicellular organisms.

Unit Review

Cells Unit Study Sheet

Student Note Study Package (Make a copy for yourself to modify/print out)

Create a Plan to Study – link

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